The hottest manufacturing talent development plann

2022-07-29
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The manufacturing talent development planning guide was released as an important supporting document of made in China 2015. It will lay a solid foundation for made in China

the guidelines for talent development planning in manufacturing industry (hereinafter referred to as the guidelines) was released recently. The Ministry of Education held a briefing on February 14 to introduce the relevant information in detail

the guide is an important supporting document of "made in China 2025" and one of the 11 specific plans of the "1+x" planning system. The release of the guide marks that the top-level design of made in China 2025 has been basically completed and has fully entered the implementation stage. So, what kind of talents will the manufacturing industry need in the future? How to train these talents

talent has become the bottleneck for "made in China" to transform from big to strong.

"made in China is big but not strong. The core is that the innovation ability is not strong, and the essence is that the talent is not strong." Li Beiguang, member of the office of the leading group for building a strong manufacturing country and deputy director of the planning department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said

at present, China's manufacturing talent training scale ranks among the top in the world, but it can not support the demand of "made in China and created in China"

introduction by Wangjiping, inspector of the Department of vocational education and adult education of the Ministry of Education: "The outstanding problems existing in the manufacturing talent team are: first, the coexistence of structural surplus and shortage, the shortage of leading talents and large country craftsmen, and the shortage of talents in the fields of basic manufacturing and advanced manufacturing technology; second, the disconnection between talent training and the actual needs of the industry, and the lack of in-depth integration of industry and education; third, the main role of enterprises in the development of manufacturing talents has not been fully played; fourth, the social development of front-line workers in the manufacturing industry, especially technical and skilled talents The overall status and treatment are low, and the development channel is not smooth. "

taking the machinery industry as an example, about 60% of the industrial workers in China's machinery industry enterprises have less than high school education

"the skilled talents with the greatest demand have more junior workers and less senior workers; there are more traditional technicians and less modern technicians; there are more single technicians and less compound technicians; there are more short-term trained technicians and less systematically trained technicians, and the 'unique skills' are out of stock." Yu Qinggu, executive vice president of China Machinery Industry Federation, said

craftsmen from large countries, innovative technology leaders, etc. are at the core of demand

it is clear in made in China 2025 that the new generation will sometimes be mistakenly written as cold rolled plate information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, electric power equipment, agricultural machinery equipment, new materials Ten key areas such as biomedicine and high-performance medical devices are the focus of reform

the guide predicts the talent demand in the ten key areas in 2020 and 2025. In general, the total talent gap will reach more than 19 million by 2020, and nearly 30million by 2025 (see the table talent demand forecast in the ten key areas of manufacturing industry for details)

applicable materials: Metallic and non-metallic materials. Therefore, it is an important task of the guide to promote the reform of talent supply structure in the manufacturing industry and accurately connect the talent demand in key fields

sunyuqing, President of Dalian Maritime University, analyzed: "there are two themes of 'manufacturing', one is what to make, the other is how to make. People who study what to make are innovative high-level talents. People who study how to make are technical + skilled talents."

it can be seen from the main tasks of talent training determined in the guide that craftsmen, innovative technology leaders and talents with skills shortage in large countries are the core of the talent demand of the manufacturing industry in the future

jiangmudong, deputy director of Higher Education Research Institute of Jiangsu Huai'an Information Vocational and technical college, said: "compared with the past, the guide puts forward the requirements for talents, which highlights the craftsman spirit and lists the craftsman spirit as the first key ability and quality of manufacturing talents."

the undergraduate and junior college enrollment plan of colleges and universities will incline to the ten key areas of manufacturing industry.

according to the guide, by 2020, the average length of education of manufacturing employees will reach more than 11 years, of which the proportion of higher education will reach 22%, and the proportion of highly skilled talents in skilled workers will reach about 28%. The distribution, level, type and other structures of talents have been further optimized, and the ability and effect of talent resource accumulation have been significantly enhanced. By 2020, form a human resources construction pattern that meets the development needs of the manufacturing industry, and cultivate and bring up a talent team with sufficient quantity, reasonable structure, good quality and full of vitality

training such a team involves talent training, use, mobility, evaluation, motivation and other aspects. However, education is the foundation. The guide divides the overall plan for talent development into 43 key tasks, of which 22 tasks are led by the Ministry of education alone or jointly led by other parts. It is a highly practical utilization science

"build manufacturing related institutions of higher learning into 'the cradle of engineers'." This sentence is quite eye-catching in the task of promoting the reform of the talent supply structure in the manufacturing industry. The first key task after decomposition is to determine a number of qualified and willing manufacturing related pilot universities to take the lead in exploring the development model of application-oriented (including applied technology universities and colleges) and cultivating application-oriented talents at the undergraduate level on a large scale

Wangjiping said: "the guide proposes to guide the college enrollment plan to tilt towards the relevant majors in the top ten key areas of the manufacturing industry, expand the training scale of doctoral students in major basic research and major scientific research in the manufacturing industry, and increase the proportion of professional degree graduate students in key areas."

the second and third key tasks of the manufacturing talent development planning guide are: timely release the talent demand forecast and guide the college enrollment plan to tilt towards relevant majors; Establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism for disciplines and specialties, expand the autonomy of specialty setting in Colleges and universities, and enhance the scientificity, flexibility and characteristics of specialty setting. Experts pointed out that these two tasks, especially the latter, may become an opportunity for the reform of talent training system in relevant colleges and universities

in addition, the guide also puts forward five key talent projects, including the integrated development of manufacturing industry and education to build a public service platform, the development of innovative professional and technical talents, the cultivation of skilled craftsmen and high skilled talents, the development of enterprise management talents, and the improvement of the quality and quality of all employees, to promote talent training. In this regard, Wangjiping revealed that these projects will be integrated with the existing education projects

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